Thursday, April 2, 2020

Is there a Contradiction between Matthew 28:19 and Acts 2:38? What formula should we use for Baptism?

There are people saying the Bible has many contradictions. One of these they showed includes what is written in Matthew 28:19 and Acts 2:38. 


"Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit"(Matthew 28:19).
Peter said to them, “Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ so that your sins may be forgiven; and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit"(Acts 2:38). 
There are those who say that the correct formula in Baptism is “In the name of Jesus” and the apostles did not follow “in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.” Some say that the name of the Father, and the Son and the Holy Spirit is Jesus. Therefore, Jesus is also the Father and the Holy Spirit. Is this understanding correct? 

There is no contradiction in the two aforementioned verses unless the person does not understand the grammar of Biblical Greek.

In the New Testament, even if the Name was mentioned it does
not mean that this refers to the name of the FATHER or of Jesus Christ.

If we see the Greek version of Acts 2:38, the word onomati was used.
In the Septuagint (LXX), the phrase “in the name of” (ἐπὶ τῷ ὀνόματι) generally has the meaning “by commission of, on the authority of.” The explanation of the phrase in the context of Hellenistic commercial life, where it denotes the idea of charging to an account over which stands a particular owner-baptism “in the name of Jesus” transfers the person who is baptized to Jesus, who now “owns” the believer has been disputed. (Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament – Acts, page 163 by Eckhard J. Schnabel)


According to The Complete Word Study Dictionary of the New Testament, page 1048:
The greek word, ONOMA also means “Implying authority, e.g., to come or to do something in or by the name of someone, by his authority.” 


 Now we will know that Mathew 28:19 does not contradict Acts 2:38.

The expression “in the name of” actually means “by the authority 
of,” or “by the command of.”

So to baptize in accordance with Jesus’ name is to baptize according
to His COMMAND or AUTHORITY.

It should be done as Jesus commanded:

And Jesus came and said to them, “All AUTHORITY in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit” (Matthew 28:18-19).

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